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HORN Family History - Generation 1

The Horn family originated from Hesse-Darmstadt. Darmstadt is a city in the Bundesland (federal state) of Hesse in Germany, located in the southern part of the Rhine Main Area.

John Horn (Henry Joseph)
1796 - 1870

John Horn, son of Henry Joseph Horn (aka Heinrich Jozef von Horn), was born 1796 in Hesse-Darmstadt, Germany. According to his immigration papers, John came directly to Maryland where he established a farm in Jarrettsville, Marshall District, Harford County. At least three of his children who were born in Hesse-Darmstadt emigrated to Maryland around the same time, as did his wife Elizabeth Treush (1784-1849). William (1820-?), Adam (1823-?), and Henry Joseph (1831-1917).

Birth/Baptism: about 1796 in Hesse-Darmstadt.

Spouse: Elizabeth Treusch, born about 1784 in Hesse-Darmstadt. Their marriage probably took place in or prior to 1820 in Hesse-Darmstadt.

Children: William, Adam, and Henry Joseph Horn. There may be additional children unidentified at this time. In the 1850 census the three siblings are living very near each other in Jarrettsville, Harford County, MD. They are enumerated in households #708 (William), #802 (Henry), and #907 (Adam and their father John).

Emigration: Arrived September 30, 1834. Port of Baltimore, MD [source: Passenger Arrivals at the Port of Baltimore 1820-1834, Customs Passenger Lists. Editor Michael H. Tepper. Genealogica Publishing Company, Baltimore, MD. 1982. page 291.] Along with John several other Horn family members sailed on the same ship but it is unclear who exactly they were, possibly brothers or nephews. Further research into these individuals is needed.

John Horn, age 24, male, Farmer, Germany, to USA, arrival date 30 Sept 1834.
H. Horn, age 28, male, clerk, Germany, USA, arrival date 30 Sep 1834.
C.H. Horn, age 9, male, Germany, USA, arrival date 30 Sept 1834.
C.H. Horn, age 11, male, Germany, USA, arrival date 30 Sept 1834.
T. Horn, 46, M. Farmer, Germany, USA, arrival date 30 Sept 1834.

Naturalization: September 5, 1846. Bel Air, Maryland. [Source: John Horn Naturalization papers, copy in possession of Ingram family.]

Residence: After emigrating from Hesse-Darmstadt, John and Elizabeth Horn lived on a farm in Jarrettsville.

Horn Farm

Census Records:
1850 Federal Census: John Horn, b. 1795 Germany, age 55, census house #907. Also living at this household are Adam Horn (b. 1824), Charlotte Horn (b. 1824), Henry Horn (b. 1847 MD), John Horn (b. 1849 MD).

1860 Federal Census, Marshall District of Harford County, MD, Post Office: Jarrettsville, census house #1557
John HORN, 65, m, Laborer, born Hesse-Darmstadt, estimated year of birth 1795
Henry Elias, 28, m, carpenter, value of Real Estate: $150, value of personal property $50, born Prussia
Matilda Elias, 24, f, born Prussia
Charles Elias, age ?, m, born Maryland
Mary Elias, 22, f. born Prussia

Death and burial records: John Horn was enumerated in the 1860 census but not the 1880 census. There is a John Horn d. 14 November 1870 buried in Salem Evangelical Church Cemetery, Jarrettsville, MD that is most likely him. Also buried in the same cemetery is an Elizabeth Horn, death date 1 February 1849. Given that Elizabeth was not enumerated in the 1850 census, this is most likely her [source: Harford County Historical Society, Harford County Cemetery Records].

Researchers note: genealogical records for Hesse-Darmstadt are available through the LDS microfilm archives. This researcher has not yet attempted to access those records. There is probably enough information known about John Horn and Elizabeth Treusch and their children to make it worthwhile to research these records, however, they are extremely difficult to read without an understanding of the German language and old style script, so that research will probably rely on someone with the ability to read German, and the interest to do so.

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